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VO-2022-000319-COM Volcano Comoros On 15 July 2022, abnormal activity of the Karthala volcano in the Comoros was recorded by the Karthala Volcano Observatory (KVO), which manifested itself as persistent microseisms on the western flank of the island of Ngazidja. Regular observation of the volcano's activities has been initiated by the observatory with regular reports of continued seismic activity. Considering this worrying information transmitted by the Karthala observatory and according to the National Emergency Plan related to Karthala's activities in the country, the Minister of Interior in charge of security launched the yellow alert on 17 August 2022. The country was thus entering the phase of volcanic vigilance. On 22 August, the Directorate of Civil Security convened the first information meeting of all risk and disaster management actors, including the Comoros Red Crescent, to discuss the immediate actions to be taken following the alert. In the Fixed Command Post meeting on 5 September, the Karthala Volcano Observatory showed that the evolution of the volcano is worrying as the seismic movements have decreased and the magma pockets have gone from 12km deep to 1.5km and insisted on vigilance as the magma can move quickly to the surface which can surprise everyone if there is no preparation now. The KVO experts have shown that the reaction of the Karthala volcano can be unpredictable. According to their analysis, this means that there is very little control and certainty over whether the orange or red phase is triggered. This level of volcanic alert may therefore last for days, or weeks or even a year but can also return to a normal situation. The nature of the eruption is not known in advance, but several risks are already identified by the KVO based on current observations and historical data 
TC-2022-000318-VNM Tropical Cyclone Viet Nam GDACS - Tropical Cyclone NORU-22 High humanitarian impact, max wind speed 259 km/h 
CE-2022-000317-COG Complex Emergency Congo, Republic n 14 September 2022, the Ministry of Humanitarian Action of the Congo requested the support of the Congolese government's partners to support the response to the population movements observed in N'gabe, following community violence in the Kwamunthu territory in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Since 24 August 2022, some villages in the territory of Kwamunthu in the Democratic Republic of Congo, neighbouring the district of N'gabé in the Republic of Congo, have been affected by inter-ethnic conflicts between the Batékés, the Bayakas and the Ngombé. A large number of the DRC populations belonging to the different ethnic groups affected by this conflict have been forced to cross the Congo River to take refuge in various localities in the department of Pool-Nord in the district of N'gabé in its nine villages. They found refuge in the villages on the right bank upstream of the Congo River on the DRC side, forcing the displaced populations to return to the left bank of the Congo River on the Republic of Congo side (Ngabé). This conflict has caused the displacement of 1,700 people and the destruction of several houses, representing, as of the date of receipt of the report received from the government (14 September), 340 households without shelter and 1,700 people (340 households) affected and vulnerable received by the political-administrative authorities of Ngabé and many others in host families in some villages of N'gabé, including Sedeck, Ngobila and Mossengajoko 1. These 340 households have already been registered by the UNHCR. 
FL-2022-000316-NER Flood Niger Since June, heavy rainfall the rainfall season has been affecting parts of Niger, causing floods and resulting in casualties. According to media reports, 168 fatalities have been recorded, 185 people sustained injuries and about 226,717 individuals have been affected. The most impacted areas include the Maradi region (72 fatalities) and the Zinder Region (49 fatalities). Heavy rainfall caused the destruction or damage of more than 25,000 dwellings (houses, huts, and shelters), 71 classrooms, 6 medical care centres, and 217 cereal granaries. Nearly 700 cattles were also decimated. On 22-24 September, moderate to locally heavy rainfall is forecast over south-western Niger. 
EP-2022-000315-UGA Epidemic Uganda The health authorities in Uganda today declared an outbreak of Ebola after a case of the relatively rare Sudan strain was confirmed in Mubende district in the central part of the country. The Uganda Virus Research Institute confirmed the case after testing a sample taken from a 24-year-old male. This follows an investigation by the National Rapid Response team of six suspicious deaths that have occurred in the district this month. There are currently eight suspected cases who are receiving care in a health facility. 
TC-2022-000314-DOM Tropical Cyclone Dominican Republic GDACS - Tropical Cyclone FIONA-22 Medium humanitarian impact, max wind speed 222 km/h 
EQ-2022-000313-CHN Earthquake China, People's Republic GDACS - Medium humanitarian impact, magnitude 6.9M tsunami generates 0.41m 
FL-2022-000312-BGR Flood Bulgaria Torrential rain from 02 September 2022 caused rivers and streams to overflow flooding several villages in Plovdiv Province including Bogdan, Rozino, Karavelovo, Stoletovo, Pesnopoi and Trilistnik. The flooding was reportedly 1.5 to 2 metres deep in some areas. Local media reported the entire village of Bogdan was under water at one point after an embankment along the Stryama River failed. At least 200 homes across the province have been damaged or destroyed. Damage to infrastructure left the area without electricity and drinking water. Bridges and roads were also destroyed leaving some villages isolated. Military helicopters were used to deliver relief supplies and carry out the rescue of around 6 people. A further 40 or more people were rescued by boat. As of 05 September, a total of around 500 people had moved from their homes to safer locations. 
FL-2022-000311-CHN Flood China, People's Republic GDACS - High in China, Taiwan  
EP-2022-000310-SYR Epidemic Syrian Arab Rep On 10 September, the Syrian Ministry of Health (MoH) declared an outbreak of cholera in Aleppo Governorate following 15 confirmed laboratory cases, including one death. Between 25 August and 10 September, the surveillance data showed that a total of 936 severe acute watery diarrhoea cases were reported in Syria, including at least eight deaths.  
FF-2022-000309-SLE Flash Flood Sierra Leone Freetown, the capital city of Sierra Leone has been experiencing persistent torrential rains since mid-August 2022. The highest recorded incident was on Sunday 28 August 2022, with rains causing associated impacts, including flooding in low-lying areas as well as new episodes of landslides on a low scale. Major roads in the city centre were rendered impassable due to the flood waters, heavily constraining vehicles and pedestrians having to find alternative routes. The city continues to experience more heavy rains which may cause flooding in additional communities and increase the number of affected people. An update from the Office of National Security (ONS) on August 28 reported flash floods and landslides already affected seven communities including Kanikay, Culvert, Kaningo, Tengbeh Town, Looking town, Cassava town, and Brooks field. In these areas, houses have been flooded leaving residents trapped in the raging waters and their properties destroyed. On the impact of the disaster, the assessment report reveals a total of 12,903 people (1,817 households) were affected, with 8 deaths, 79 injured, and 4 missing as a result of flash floods and landslides. Over 21% of the houses flooded by water and 16.4% by landslides are inhabitable, and families need rental assistance as immediate support. Also, over 18% of the houses were completely destroyed. A total of 17.7% of the population across the 18 communities lost their assets to flood waters and mud, and over 14% of the affected population have their livelihoods destroyed. Below summarises the impact of flooding and landslides in affected communities. 
EQ-2022-000308-PNG Earthquake Papua New Guinea GDACS - High humanitarian impact, magnitude 7.6M 
DR-2022-000307-COD Drought Congo Democratic Republic GDACS - Severe impact for agricultural drought in 1152424 km2 over East Africa-2021  
FL-2022-000305-GIN Flood Guinea Heavy rains started pouring and continued uninterrupted until the 26 of August, having caused flooding in several prefectures of Guinea. 13 of the 27 districts of the Kankan province, and 7 of the 12 sub-prefectures have experienced varying levels of impact, according to Guinea National Red Cross and National Disaster Management Agency. Considering the vast geographical areas affected by the flooding, details on the actual scope of humanitarian impact is yet to be fully determined as assessments are underway alongside the delivery of urgent relief. Nevertheless, based on initial assessments conducted by the Guinea Red Cross - Kankan Prefectural Committee, through its Community Disaster Response Teams (NDRT/CDRT) coordinated by the members of the National Disaster Response Team (NDRT/CDRT) together with prefectural, sub-prefectural, communal and neighbourhood authorities, over 29,000 people have been confirmed affected. 24,135 people (3448 households) have been assessed and classified as most affected to date, including 10,839 men, 13,296 women (see below table).Affected communities and the authorities are seeking the support of humanitarian organizations to recover from the ills they are currently suffering. It should be noted that, Guinea continues experiencing heavy downpour of unusual rains across the country, with possibility of flooding in other parts of the country. 
EP-2022-000304-ZWE Epidemic Zimbabwe Zimbabwe has been hit by a deadly national measles outbreak whose infection rateich has doubled from 1036 to 2056 in four days (as of the 15th of August 2022) and has killed 157 children from 2056 cases reported in all the provinces between April and August 2022 . The disease was first recorded in Manicaland province on the 10th of April in Mutasa district. The government responded through initiating vaccination of children under 5 years regardless of vaccination status. However, the cases have been on the rise and spreading across all the ten provinces of the country with an alarming sharp increase in cases in August which saw doubling of cases between the 10th and 15th of August from 1036 to 2056 and over 157 deaths recorded. The most affected provinces are Manicaland and the Midlands which have 2321 cases (228) and 342 (46 deaths) cases respectively as of the 24th of August 2022. In Manicaland of the 2321 cases recorded, 396 are vaccinated, 1,661 are not vaccinated and 264 have unknown vaccination status whilst of the 228deaths reported, 47 were unvaccinated and 181 vaccination status is unknown. from 30 august Sitrep, • 179 New Cases and 39 Deaths were reported today. The deaths were reported from Manicaland (36) and Mashonaland West (3). • A cumulative total of 5 735 Cases, 4 117 Recoveries and 639 Deaths have been reported since the onset of the outbreak. • New cases were reported from Matabeleland North (60), Manicaland (49), Mashonaland East (41), Mashonaland West (23), Chitungwiza (11) and Harare (6) 
EQ-2022-000303-CHN Earthquake China, People's Republic GDACS - Medium humanitarian impact, magnitude 6.6M 
EP-2022-000302-COD Epidemic Congo Democratic Republic The Democratic Republic of Congo has just recorded a new case of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) on 17 August 2022, in the town of Beni, Beni health zone, North Kivu province. According to the authorities, the history of this case goes back to 23 July 2022 with the hospitalisation of a 46 year old female patient, female and widowed at the Beni general referral hospital, who died in respiratory distress in a setting of HIV-TB immunodepression on 15 August 2022 in the Intensive Care Unit of the Beni HGR, in Beni Territory in North Kivu Province. A routine oro-pharyngeal swab was taken on 15 August 2022 by the HGR Beni team. The sample tested positive for EVD at the Beni laboratory and was confirmed at the INRB laboratory in Goma. Sequencing performed at the Rodolphe Mérieux Laboratory of INRB-Goma confirmed the Ebola Zaire strain and further demonstrated that this case is linked to a strain from the tenth outbreak of 2018 in November in Beni and not to a new introduction of the virus. The risk of possible spread of this epidemic is high due to untraced contact cases. According to the latest SITREP, 179 contact cases have been identified, of which 39% of high-risk contacts have not yet been traced, including 5 in neighbouring health zones (4 in Oicha and 1 in Mutwanga, a town on the border with Uganda). All contact cases found and the remains buried by the DRC to date have been collected and tested with negative results so far. The DRC is continuing the 21-day follow-up on these different contact cases. The Beni health zone is surrounded by several health zones, all of which are part of the Beni territory, which has an estimated population of 1,487,608 inhabitants, or 297,522 households (Rapport Etat Civil, 3rd Quarter, updated on 31 March 2021).  
TC-2022-000301-JPN Tropical Cyclone Japan Tropical Cyclone HINNAMNOR is moving south-west over the Philippine Sea and on 1 September at 0.00 UTC, its centre was located about 240 km south of Ishigaki Island (southern Ryukyu Islands, southern Japan), and about 450 km west of the eastern coast of Taiwan, with maximum sustained winds of 259 km/h. Heavy rainfall, strong winds, and high waves were reported across the Ryukyu Islands, particularly in Okinawa. Evacuation orders are in effect for people in Okinawa, as reported by the Japanese Fire and Disaster Management Agency (FDMA). 
TC-2022-000301-KOR Tropical Cyclone Korea Republic A powerful typhoon tore through South Korea's southern industrial hubs on Tuesday, 6 September, leaving at least two people dead, 10 missing and thousands displaced, authorities said. Typhoon Hinnamnor left the Korean peninsula early on Tuesday after battering the southeastern industrial cities of Pohang, Gyeongju and Ulsan with strong winds and heavy rain. 
DR-2022-000300-CHN Drought China, People's Republic GDACS - Medium impact for agricultural drought in 1587988 km2 over South-West China-2022  
DR-2022-000299-COD Drought Congo Democratic Republic GDACS - Severe impact for agricultural drought in 1054165 km2 over East Africa-2021  
EP-2022-000298-MWI Epidemic Malawi Malawi is currently experiencing one of its worst cholera outbreaks in years. The first case was registered in Machinga district in the Southern region of Malawi on 2nd March, 2022. The Malawi Ministry of Health declared the cholera outbreak on 3rd March, 2022 subsequent to the increase and spread of confirmed cases. The cholera outbreak, initially limited to the southern part of the country, has now spread to Malawi's northern and central regions. As of 24th August 2022, a total of 1,483 cholera cases and 58 deaths have been recorded with the case fatality rate at 3.9 per cent (UNICEF and WHO step up efforts to contain Cholera in Malawi and call for additional funds and support) The affected districts include Machinga, Nsanje Chikwawa, Blantyre, Mulanje, Neno, Balaka, Lilongwe, Nkhatabay, Nkhotakota, Phalombe. Nkhatabay and Nkhotakota started registering new cases on 17th August 2022 and as of 18th August, 51 new cases were registered with a total of 264 cases in the two districts cumulatively and 25 cases were admitted. On 20th August 2022, a total of 179 cases had recovered after treatment and 8 people who were reported to had died represent a case fatality of 3.07%. 
FR-2022-000297-DZA Fire Algeria More than 100 fires raged in northeastern north-eastern Algeria on the night of Sunday, August 14, 2022 
OT-2022-000296-ARM Other Armenia On August 14 at 1:23 PM, a massive explosion occurred in one of the largest markets of Yerevan called Surmalu, about two kilometres (1.2 miles) south of the very centre of the capital. The explosion occurred in the basement of a three-floor shopping building, which is completely destroyed, and caused the infrastructure damages on the area of about 9,000 square meters comprising abundance of buildings used by local shop owners at the Surmalu market. A massive fire teared through the area with a plume of smoke spreading quickly following the blast. The explosion was confirmed to have caused 1 death and 20 injuries within the first hour after the explosion while in the morning of 21 August, the number of injured raised to 62 and the number of deaths to 16. According to the Minister of Emergency Situations, there are still 1 people reported missing officially. The number of shops and stores in the affected area is unknown as the majority remained unregistered and unofficial micro-businesses; only around 20 shop owners are confirmed to have been registered, all of which are destroyed. The explosion is considered to have been triggered by a fire in the fireworks warehouse that started several minutes before the explosion; the Government of Armenia has indicated violation of norms and standards in the fireworks depot of the building as a possible cause of the explosion; however, this is yet to be confirmed upon the completion of the ongoing investigation. The emergency teams of the firefighting unit under the Ministry of Emergency's State Rescue Service were dispatched immediately to extinguish the fire; however, the explosion occurred before their arrival on site. The explosion has caused a widespread fear and panic among the population of Armenia due to the nature of explosive disasters being associated with terrorist attacks. The explosion was followed by subsequent recurring bomb alerts initiated at public spaces in Yerevan, such as metro and bus stations, which have contributed to increased fear and panic among the population. It is also worth noting that the level of sensitivity towards this disaster among the population is significantly high due to the conflict escalation in Nagorno-Karabakh in 2020 and the political environment in the region. 
FL-2022-000295-IND Flood India The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) has predicted heavy rainfall over East India today under the influence of a cyclonic circulation that lies over the northeast Bay of Bengal and neighbourhood extending up to middle tropospheric levels. The well-marked low pressure area over East Rajasthan and adjoining northwest Madhya Pradesh is likely to bring widespread light to moderate rainfall with isolated heavy spells over southwest Rajasthan 
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Latest Events:

Disasters on or after week 39
From: 2022/9/18  To: 2022/9/27

TC-2022-000318-VNM
Tropical Cyclone,Viet Nam: GDACS - Tropical Cyclone NORU-22 High humanitarian impact, max wind speed 259 km/h

VO-2022-000319-COM
Volcano,Comoros: On 15 July 2022, abnormal activity of the Karthala volcano in the Comoros was recorded by the Karthala Volcano Observatory (KVO), which manifested itself as persistent microseisms on the western flank of the island of Ngazidja. Regular observation of the volcano's activities has been initiated by the observatory with regular reports of continued seismic activity. Considering this worrying information transmitted by the Karthala observatory and according to the National Emergency Plan related to Karthala's activities in the country, the Minister of Interior in charge of security launched the yellow alert on 17 August 2022. The country was thus entering the phase of volcanic vigilance. On 22 August, the Directorate of Civil Security convened the first information meeting of all risk and disaster management actors, including the Comoros Red Crescent, to discuss the immediate actions to be taken following the alert. In the Fixed Command Post meeting on 5 September, the Karthala Volcano Observatory showed that the evolution of the volcano is worrying as the seismic movements have decreased and the magma pockets have gone from 12km deep to 1.5km and insisted on vigilance as the magma can move quickly to the surface which can surprise everyone if there is no preparation now. The KVO experts have shown that the reaction of the Karthala volcano can be unpredictable. According to their analysis, this means that there is very little control and certainty over whether the orange or red phase is triggered. This level of volcanic alert may therefore last for days, or weeks or even a year but can also return to a normal situation. The nature of the eruption is not known in advance, but several risks are already identified by the KVO based on current observations and historical data

CE-2022-000317-COG
Complex Emergency,Congo, Republic: n 14 September 2022, the Ministry of Humanitarian Action of the Congo requested the support of the Congolese government's partners to support the response to the population movements observed in N'gabe, following community violence in the Kwamunthu territory in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Since 24 August 2022, some villages in the territory of Kwamunthu in the Democratic Republic of Congo, neighbouring the district of N'gabé in the Republic of Congo, have been affected by inter-ethnic conflicts between the Batékés, the Bayakas and the Ngombé. A large number of the DRC populations belonging to the different ethnic groups affected by this conflict have been forced to cross the Congo River to take refuge in various localities in the department of Pool-Nord in the district of N'gabé in its nine villages. They found refuge in the villages on the right bank upstream of the Congo River on the DRC side, forcing the displaced populations to return to the left bank of the Congo River on the Republic of Congo side (Ngabé). This conflict has caused the displacement of 1,700 people and the destruction of several houses, representing, as of the date of receipt of the report received from the government (14 September), 340 households without shelter and 1,700 people (340 households) affected and vulnerable received by the political-administrative authorities of Ngabé and many others in host families in some villages of N'gabé, including Sedeck, Ngobila and Mossengajoko 1. These 340 households have already been registered by the UNHCR.

EP-2022-000315-UGA
Epidemic,Uganda: The health authorities in Uganda today declared an outbreak of Ebola after a case of the relatively rare Sudan strain was confirmed in Mubende district in the central part of the country. The Uganda Virus Research Institute confirmed the case after testing a sample taken from a 24-year-old male. This follows an investigation by the National Rapid Response team of six suspicious deaths that have occurred in the district this month. There are currently eight suspected cases who are receiving care in a health facility.

TC-2022-000314-DOM
Tropical Cyclone,Dominican Republic: GDACS - Tropical Cyclone FIONA-22 Medium humanitarian impact, max wind speed 222 km/h

EQ-2022-000313-CHN
Earthquake,China, People's Republic: GDACS - Medium humanitarian impact, magnitude 6.9M tsunami generates 0.41m

FL-2022-000261-GEO
Flood,Georgia: Through June 21-26, 2022, heavy rains and strong wind seriously affected five municipalities (Tianeti, Dusheti, Tkibuli, Ambrolauri, Senaki and Zugdidi) in eastern Georgia. Central and adjacent streets were flooded, roads were blocked by massive trees, most villages were flooded, as well as bridges and inland roads, houses, road infrastructure, perennials and power transmission towers were damaged. It became necessary to evacuate and move several families to a safe place. In addition, strong winds blew the roof off several houses in Ambrolauri Municipality. people were heavily affected by the emergency. Through June 22-23, local authorities of the affected municipalities officially approached the Georgia Red Cross Society (GRCS) with the kind request to support the affected population. Based on the information received from the GRCS branches and volunteers involved in the response activities, as well as from the local authorities of the affected municipalities, the heavy rain and the wind caused severe damages of roofs, ground/first floors (where people generally stock food and hygiene items for long-term use) and entrances. Agricultural lands and fruit trees are also destroyed. Agriculture is a primary source of income of the households in affected municipalities of Georgia. The damage caused by the disaster is foreseen to bring a heavy impact on the livelihood of the people affected. Special commission established by the Government of Georgia is calculating the damage caused by the heavy rain in the municipalities of Georgia. Georgia Red Cross has mobilized in total 20 volunteers in the affected five branches in affected regions for assessing the situation on the ground. Rapid assessment conducted by the GRCS volunteers also revealed that the main immediate need of the affected population is food and non-food items. The Emergency Management Service (EMS) under the Ministry of Interior in Georgia is actively involved in the liquidation works of the flooding and the landslide in the affected municipalities. Liquidation works include cleaning and restoring the essential parts of the damaged areas, properties, and infrastructures in the immediate aftermath of the emergency.