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TC-2020-000232-SOM Tropical Cyclone Somalia Tropical Cyclone Gati made landfall in Somalia on 22 November, primarily impacting 13 villages in Iskushuban district, Bari region, Puntland State. Initial reports indicate that eight people have been killed and 70,000 affected, while property and infrastructure has been damaged. In Xaafuun and Hurdiya villages, 15,000 people have been displaced. 
DR-2020-000231-MDG Drought Madagascar Following longstanding drought and food crisis situation, the chronical crisis deteriorated from September 2020 into an acute crisis in the southern districts of the Anosy province, and the President of the Republic called for an international appeal on 14 November 2020 to all humanitarian actors to join the Government efforts in assisting the affected population in the South of Madagascar. 
EP-2020-000230-NGA Epidemic Nigeria Between 1st and 11th November 2020, a total of 222 suspected yellow fever cases, 19 confirmed cases and 76 deaths have been reported from delta, Enugu and Bauchi States. The epidemic was declared on 12 November 2020 by Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC). Most of the cases are males, with age ranging from 1-55 years and presented with fever, headache, fatigue, jaundice, abdominal pain, vomiting with or without blood, epistaxis, blood in stools/urine, convulsion and unconsciousness (NCDC Sit rep, Epi wk 24-45, 2020).  
CE-2020-000229-ETH Complex Emergency Ethiopia Tension between the federal Government and Tigray regional government has led to military confrontation, which started between 3 and 4 November near Dansha in Western Tigray. Intensive armed conflict has since continued between the two forces, having adverse effects on the population living in the conflict areas, as they now flee Tigray into Amhara Region.  
CE-2020-000228-SDN Complex Emergency Sudan On 3rd November 2020, armed clashes were reported between the Ethiopian Defence Forces (EDF) and the Tigray Regiônal Security forces (TPLF) in Tigray region, Ethiopia. as of 16 November, over 26,000 people have already arrived into Sudan in search of safety. On 6th November, the Ethiopian government declared a state of emergency, with a total of 1.5 to 2 million people projected to be affected by this crisis. A continued high influx of refugees is expected to arrive in East Sudan, estimating a total number of 100,000 people to cross the border in the coming days and weeks. While continuing to receive these new arrivals, East Sudan is hosting one of the most protracted refugee situations in the world, with active refugee camps in Kassala, Al Jazeera and Gedarif States. 
TC-2020-000227-NIC Tropical Cyclone Nicaragua IOTA has continued to strengthen into a dangerous Category 4 hurricane, expected to bring potentially catastrophic winds, life-threatening storm surge, and extreme rainfall impacts to Central America. Data from aircraft and NOAA satellites indicate that maximum sustained winds have increased to near 145 mph (230 km/h) with higher gusts. Iota is a category 4 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale. Additional rapid strengthening is expected, and Iota could possibly be a catastrophic category 5 hurricane when it approaches Central America on the night of 16 Nov 2020. On the forecast track, the core of Iota will pass near or over Providencia island (Colombia) during the early hours of 16 Nov, and make landfall in northeastern Nicaragua and eastern Honduras in the night. 
TC-2020-000226-CRI Tropical Cyclone Costa Rica Since 30 October 2020, Hurricane Eta's indirect influence has caused rains of variable intensity across Costa Rica, with especially intense rainfall in Pacific areas in the country. According to data provided by the Emergency Operations Centre (EOC), preliminary numbers established by National Society assessments and general data from the Operations Coordination Centre, the flooding, landslides, and damage to basic services caused by the indirect impact of Hurricane Eta has affected approximately 5,000 families in the provinces of San José, Alajuela, Heredia, Cartago, Puntarenas, Guanacaste, and Limón. On 2 November, the National Meteorological Institute (IMN) reported that Eta, now a category 4 hurricane packing sustained winds of up to 230 km/h and travelling west-ward directly towards Nicaragua at 6 km/h, was located 45 km SE of Cabo Gracias a Dios (Nicaragua-Honduras border) and approximately 426 km north of Limón, Costa Rica. In Costa Rica, this system's indirect influence increased as Hurricane Eta approached Nicaraguan territory, causing intense rainfall in Pacific areas on 2, 3, and 4 November and damage to roads and institutional, electrical, aqueduct, and household infrastructure in seven provinces and more than 54 cantons. Landslides and flooding have isolated and severely affected communities.  
TC-2020-000225-PHL Tropical Cyclone Philippines The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) said in its 5pm bulletin on Monday 9 November, that VAMCO strengthened from a tropical depression into a tropical storm. It now has maximum sustained winds of 65 kilometers per hour (km/h) and gustiness of up to 80 km/h, from 55 km/h and 70 km/h, respectively. The tropical storm is moving northwest at a much slower 15 km/h. Tropical Storm VAMCO will move generally northwestward today through tomorrow afternoon. Afterwards, it is forecast to turn westward and head towards the Bicol Region-Quezon area. A landfall over Bicol Region- Quezon area on Thursday is likely at this time. It is likely to reach Severe Tropical Storm category within 24 hours and may reach Typhoon category on Wednesday. 
TC-2020-000224-BLZ Tropical Cyclone Belize Tropical Depression Eta entered Belize's coast on November 6 with maximum sustained winds of 35 mph and moved north at 7 mph. Rain-heavy remnants of Hurricane Eta continue to impact Belize, with the closure of the Philip Goldson International Airport (PGIA) on Friday, November 6. Eta, now a Tropical Depression, has brought incessant rains since Tuesday; many districts of Belize remain under a flood warning. Storm Eta impacted Belize with an estimated 254–508 mm of rain.  
IN-2020-000223-ZMB Insect Infestation Zambia In Zambia the outbreak of the African Migratory Locusts affects parts of Central, Southern and Western Provinces. Affected districts include Shibuyunji, Mumbwa, Itezhi-tezhi, Kazungula, Namwala, Sesheke, Nalolo, Mongu, Mwandi, Kalabo, Senanga and Sioma. The invasion has become very serious in Sesheke, Mwandi and Sioma in Western and Kazungula in Southern Provinces. The outbreak of the locusts has the potential to disrupt the 2020/2021 agricultural season that is due to start in October/November and thereby affect household and national food security. 
TC-2020-000222-GTM Tropical Cyclone Guatemala Eta made landfall in neighbouring Nicaragua on Tuesday as a Category Four hurricane with winds of 140mph (225km/h) and torrential rains. It then weakened into a tropical depression as it moved into neighbouring Honduras and later Guatemala. CONRED figures from 6 November reports in Guatemala , 81,553 people severely affected, 5,120 people evacuated, and 4,812 people in formal collective centres. Rains from the tropical depression Eta caused a landslide in Quejá village, located in San Cristóbal Verapaz in the Alta Verapaz department. Landslides covered 150 homes, and the government sources have estimated that approximately 100 people remain missing. Other landslides were reported in Cunén, Quiche, Chinautla, Guatemala, and San Juan Ixcoy in Huehuetenango with nine confirmed deaths. 
FF-2020-000221-SOM Flash Flood Somalia Flash floods triggered by Deyr seasonal rains (October-December) have affected nearly 20,000 people especially in Banadir region especially the capital of Mogadishu, Galmudug, South West and Jubaland states in the last two weeks. The floods have inundated swathes of farmland, damaged property and disrupted livelihoods at a time that Somalia is grappling with the COVID-19 pandemic and desert locusts in the northern region. 
TC-2020-000220-HND Tropical Cyclone Honduras Eta originated as a tropical wave in the eastern Caribbean Sea that developed into a tropical depression late on 31 October. Eta intensified into a major hurricane before reaching Category 4 strength on 3 November. An eyewall replacement cycle then caused the storm to weaken some, but it remained at Category 4 strength as it made landfall south of Puerto Cabezas, Nicaragua, late on 3 November. Eta rapidly weakened to tropical storm status early on 4 November. Although significantly reduced in strength, Eta, one of the most powerful storms to strike Central America since the deadly Hurricane Mitch in 1998, continued to pose concerns. In Honduras, rivers and towns on the Atlantic coast flooded, and landslides made roads impassable. 
LS-2020-000219-SLV Land Slide El Salvador On October 29, the Environmental Observatory reported a very high probability (80% -100%) of the occurrence of landslides and debris flows in Cerro El Picacho, Boquerón and neighboring municipalities (north of Santa Tecla, San Salvador, Mejicanos and Nejapa). At approximately 11:00 p.m., a large-scale landslide occurred from Cerro El Picacho with an approximate distance of 4 km of mud, rocks, logs and other debris that impacted Caserío Angelitos 1 and 2 of the municipality of Nejapa, San Salvador.  
TC-2020-000218-NIC Tropical Cyclone Nicaragua According to the United States’ National Hurricane Center (NHC), Eta is on track to make landfall over Nicaragua’s northeastern shores near their border with Honduras on late 2 November or early 3 November as a Category 1 or 2 storm, bringing sustained winds of 150 km/h and high rainfall of up to 635mm to much of Nicaragua and Honduras. Eta’s projected path will take it over parts of Belize, El Salvador and Guatemala as well. Per the Pacific Disaster Center (PDC), there are nearly 70,000 people in areas along Eta’s track through northern Nicaragua exposed to hurricane winds, 80 per cent of whom are in rural areas. 
EP-2020-000217-VCT Epidemic Saint Vincent & The Grenadines In its latest official bulletin dated 20 October 2020, the Ministry of Health, Wellness and the Environment has confirmed an increase in reported cases of dengue infection in the country with 1,155 laboratory confirmed cases of dengue fever recorded and six fatalities. The Hospital Services Programme and the Community Health Services Programme of the Ministry of Health, Wellness and the Environment continue to report increased patients presenting with symptoms consistent with Dengue fever. The last experience in the Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (SVG) islands was in 2012 when 200 cases were reported.  
EP-2020-000216-LCA Epidemic Saint Lucia On 26 August 2020, St. Lucia’s Ministry of Health and Wellness declared an outbreak of dengue fever. The Syndromic Surveillance report for epidemiological week 42 (dated 22 October 2020) indicated 801 confirmed cases on the island with a further 333 suspected cases. Dengue serotypes 2 and 3 circulate in St. Lucia, with a third unknown serotype to be confirmed. 26 per cent of cases require hospitalisation. 17 October 2020 saw 3 confirmed dengue-related deaths with a 4th death being investigated by the Caribbean Public Health Agency (CARPHA). 
EQ-2020-000215-TUR Earthquake Turkey A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hit western province of İzmir, Turkey on Friday October 30, 2:51 pm local time. The European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre said the quake had an epicentre 13 km northeast of the Greek island of Samos. The quake has left severe damage to the structures and infrastructures in different areas of Bornova and Bayraklı regions of the city, pushing the residents to flee in panic into the streets. At least 17 buildings have been reported collapsed and several others damaged. Turkish Interior Ministry announced that earthquake caused 21 lives and injured 799 others. 
TC-2020-000214-PHL Tropical Cyclone Philippines On the evening of 27 October, a tropical depression developed over the Western Pacific Ocean, Northwest of Guam. Once inside the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) it will be given local name “Rolly” (GONI). As per the Philippines Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) bulletin at 11.00 am today (29 Oct), GONI had intensified into a severe tropical storm while moving westward, with a maximum sustained winds of 95 km/h near the center and gustiness of up to 115 km/h. It is forecast to enter the eastern boundary of the PAR this afternoon or evening. It is forecast to move generally westward by Saturday evening, then west-northwestward by Sunday as it moves towards Quezon - Aurora area before making landfall on Sunday morning, November 1. It is forecast to reach typhoon category within 24 hours and will continue to intensify while moving over the Philippine Sea. As it moves towards eastern sections of Central Luzon (Region III) and Southern Luzon (Region IVa, Region V), it may bring heavy rains over those areas starting this Friday. 
FL-2020-000213-LAO Flood Lao People's Democratic Republic The lower Mekong region (Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Viet Nam) has been experiencing prolonged heavy rain since 6 October 2020. This is due to the combination of numerous weather systems – the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone combining with cold air as well as tropical storms Linfa and Nangka as well as tropical depression INVEST 94W. The three wind systems made landfall in Viet Nam but brought along heavy rain to the rest of the lower Mekong region. Tropical storm Linfa made landfall on 11 October, tropical storm Nangka made landfall on 14 October whilst tropical depression INVEST 94W made landfall on 16 October. The rainfall brought by the wind systems exacerbated the flooding in Lao PDR and resulted in widespread flooding and landslides in southern Lao PDR. As of 20 October, 9 districts in 3 provinces were affected by the floods. The affected provinces are Salawan, Savannakhet and Sekong. 
FL-2020-000212-KHM Flood Cambodia Since 1 October, Cambodia has experienced heavy rainfall across much of the country. As of 16 October, about 77,020 households in 11 provinces, including Phnom Penh, are reported to have been affected by flash floods. The worst affected are Battambang (38,890 households affected, 1,331 displaced), Pursat (18,365 households affected, 1,891 displaced) and Banteay Meanchey (8,538 households affected, 1,473 displaced). 
FL-2020-000211-VNM Flood Viet Nam Vietnam has witnessed torrential rain due to a tropical depression combined with the cold air movement over the past few days in seven central provinces from Ha Tinh to Quang Ngai have witnessed torrential rain due to a tropical depression combined with the cold air movement. Constant heavy rain has caused water levels in rivers to rise rapidly. Consequently, large-scale flood appeared in the provinces from Ha Tinh to Quang Ngai province, with major floods concentrated in places from Quang Binh to Quang Nam province. Flood on medium and small rivers in Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue provinces all reached alert level 2 or 3 and even above level 3. Particularly, historical flood has happened on Hieu River (Quang Tri province) and Bo river (Thua Thien Hue province). 
FL-2020-000210-VNM Flood Viet Nam On 18-21 September, several landslides triggered by flash floods occurred in the mountainous districts of Quang Nam Province (central Vietnam). Damage was reported to houses, at least 10 schools, several main roads and bridges, leaving many communities isolated. The power infrastructure and water network were damaged as well, affecting many families living in the area. Over the next 24 hours, rain and thunderstorms are expected of Quang Nam Province. 
OT-2020-000209-AZE Other Azerbaijan  
FR-2020-000208-SYR Fire Syrian Arab Rep Large scale fires across the coastal regions in Syria have caused at least three deaths and dozens of injuries, with areas in Al Fakhoura, Al Qirdaha, Jableh and Lattakia districts in Lattakia Governorate and Safita district in Tartous Governorate particularly affected. While assessments are ongoing, local authorities report that up to 28,000 households have been directly impacted, including through casualties or medical conditions, with as many as 80 hospitalized due to smoke inhalation. In addition, significant loss of homes, personal possessions and/or livelihoods assets have been reported in some areas. As many as 25,000 people were reported to have displaced. Further, a significant number of households have been impacted due to disruptions in key public services, such as health, water and power supply. To date, an estimated 5,000 hectares of agricultural land, including orchards, olive trees, and greenhouses, and 4,000 hectares of forested land have been destroyed. Assessments are ongoing to determine the full scope of the impact, led by the Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC).  
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Disasters on or after week 47
From: 2020/11/15  To: 2020/11/25

TC-2020-000232-SOM
Tropical Cyclone,Somalia: Tropical Cyclone Gati made landfall in Somalia on 22 November, primarily impacting 13 villages in Iskushuban district, Bari region, Puntland State. Initial reports indicate that eight people have been killed and 70,000 affected, while property and infrastructure has been damaged. In Xaafuun and Hurdiya villages, 15,000 people have been displaced.