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Event: EP Epidemic
Number: 2022-000369
Country: CMR Cameroon
Location: Far North, South West and North West regions, the Littoral
Date (YMD): 2022-11-17
Information Source:Cameroon Red Cross
Comments: Cameroon has been subject to multiple epidemics for several months. This is coupled with increased flooding and conflicts in some regions. These different elements create an area conducive to the development of epidemics and disasters. The cholera and monkeypox epidemics are particularly alarming, with major concerns in the concern in the Far North, South West and North West regions, the Littoral. Cholera has been rife in the regions for several months and has spread this year to all regions of the country. As at 17 November 2022, the report shows that there are 4 active regions and 20 active districts. A total of 13730 cases have been notified with 295 deaths recorded. Since October 2022, the cholera epidemic has hit the Far North region of Cameroon, precisely in the Departments of Mayo SAVA and Mayo Tsanaga with more than 305 cases were recorded, including 45 in Fotokol and 94 in Mora (Mayo Sava), 118 in Mokolo (Mayo Tsanaga)where the Minawao refugee camp was severely affected. has been declared in several regions of the country by the health authorities. On 10 October 2022 the regional delegate of the South West region declared confirmed cases of Monkeypox. Despite the rapid implementation of the surveillance system, the epidemic rapidly spread to 6 regions. As of 17 November 2022, 5 regions are active, including 10 health districts with 92 notified cases and 03 deaths with a case fatality rate of 0.5%. deaths with a case fatality rate of 3.2%. According to the Sitrep curve, there has been a drastic increase in new cases between week 40 and week cases between week 40 and week 45. That is to say 16 confirmed cases and 2 deaths distributed as follows: 9 confirmed cases in the 9 confirmed cases in the South-West for 1 death, 2 in the North-West for 1 death, 4 in the Centre, and 1 case respectively in the South, the Littoral and the Extreme North. This situation clearly shows the progression of the epidemic and the need for rapid containment to avoid a larger scale spread. It should be noted that Note that in 2022, the number of monkeypox cases reported to WHO exceeded the total number of cases reported in the last 60 years combined. in the last 60 years combined (since 1958). On 23 July 2022, the Director-General of WHO declared the escalation of the monkeypox epidemic as a public health emergency of international concern due to the due to the unusually high number of cases and the wide geographical spread of the virus. The disease is mainly in West and Central Africa, and Cameroon is an endemic country that has experienced several several epizootic outbreaks with 2 human cases between 2019 and 2020 and 6 in 2021.
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