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Event: EP Epidemic
Number: 2023-000047
Country: TZA Tanzania
Location: Kagera
Date (YMD): 2023-3-26
Information Source:
Comments: On 16 March 2023, the ministry of health (MOH) of the republic of Tanzania announced that seven cases and five deaths of an unknown disease had been reported in Kagera region (that borders Rwanda, Uganda and Burundi) in Bukoba rural, Maruku and Kanyengereko ward in Bulinda and Butayaibega villages. The cases were confirmed for Marburg Virus Disease (MVD) on 21 March 2023. The index case was reported to have a travel history from Goziba in lake Victoria and developed symptoms upon returning to his village in Bukoba while the timeline for exposure and onset of symptoms remains unknown. Four other cases were from the same family as the index case. Two heath care workers were also infected and one of them succumb to the disease. This is the first officially declared Marburg Outbreak in Tanzania, although serological studies have found the presence of Marburg in bat populations in the region. As of 22 March 2023, a total of eight cases including five deaths (CFR 63.6%) have been reported, while other three cases are currently undergoing treatment in health facilities in Kagera region. The cases had symptoms of fever, bleeding from various body parts and kidney failure. The specimens from the deceased and living patients were collected and confirmed MVD by RT-PCR at the National Health Laboratory. The MoH reports that the outbreak is confined to Bukoba council in Kagera region and contact tracing activities have been initiated with a total of 195 contacts identified with 185 of them being monitored.
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